In the Budapest castle hill is a statue, at the regular weird scenes to play. Tourists and Locals, women and men climbing on the Base and caressing the testicles of the stallion, the Shine through the many Pet metallic. On the bronze stallion, the bronze sitting image of the hussar General András Hadik. The testicles of his horse potency to be attributed to enhancing forces because he captured Berlin, though that was actually impossible.
With Hadik the word “coup was” in the German language. One day he remained in Berlin. But of the taken a day, less than 24 hours from 16. on the 17. October, 1757, it had in it. Hadiks hand string is considered to be one of the greatest military achievements of the seven years ‘ war, and would have these can already decide in his second year – if the Austrians (as in the service of Hadik) and their allies would have recognized the opportunity, resulting from the advance on Berlin.
of The seven years ‘ war (1756-1763) was a consequence of the Austrian war of succession (1740-1748). The broke out after the Emperor Charles VI died without a male heir to the throne. Although the Habsburgs had tried with the “Pragmatic sanction”, his daughter Maria Theresa as the legitimate successor to the throne to enforce.
But the European powers against their consent called. Especially the young Prussian king, Friedrich II., in 1740, to Power, seized the day and conquered Silesia, and the Rich Austrian province. The passionate pursuit of Maria Theresa, reclaim the Land, led in the seven years ‘ war. As allies, the Empress of France, Russia, Sweden, and the Kingdom won, while Frederick only knew England by his side.
In the second year of the war, was Friedrich in a delicate situation. He had first conquered Prague, and lost it again. In East Prussia the Russians to put him in Pomerania, the Swedes, in the West, the French were deployed in the South, the Austrians attacked. He even turned to the West, a French army, which was supported by Imperial troops. But he was in the South of the room to the East of the Elbe uncovered.
Charles of Lorraine, the Austrian commander-in-chief, had an idea, of Saxony in this gap to Brandenburg. He turned to field Marshal-Lieutenant András Hadik, who commanded a corps of approximately 7000 men and several times by his boldness and circumspection that had distinguished: “I have reliable news that, after the enemy had been beaten in Prussia by the Russians, in the Mark of Brandenburg, due to an incident in great Worry”. He asked Hadik, whether he was willing to take such a Raid, in order to spread in the back of Frederick fear and Chaos.
Hadik at planning. Not only is the centre of Radeberg about Elsterwerda, Luckau, Buchholz and Königs Wusterhausen to Berlin, but also the withdrawal about Storkow in the direction of Kottbus, he prepared meticulously, left at strategic points in the stock create, major roads, bridges and places back up and sent around 1,300 man to secure his Western flank to the Elbe. A further 1800 man he was back in Elsterwerda.
to Him, the measures remained after all of these precautions, only a little more than 3000 man – Hungarian hussars, Austrian cavalry, Croatian, and Austrian infantry, and six guns. With this small force he managed to grow 160 kilometers to Berlin in just four days. He didn’t go undetected – his invasion, he left the population officially announce and urged them to remain calm and to not think of resistance but he managed to let the Prussians in the dark about his strength. Panic was widespread. The Messengers hurried to Frederick’s headquarters to it from the incursion of the enemy to teach, as many thought that an army of 15,000 men on the March.
unlike the Austrians were so focused on their war goal of Silesia, that you thought about Berlin tire with stronger force – detected Friedrich and his officers, the strategic consequences of a strike against the capital. “This event gives us perhaps the death knell,” wrote Graf Henckel von Donnersmarck, Adjutant of Prince Heinrich. If the enemy is “our cloth manufactories, arsenals, cannon foundries, gun factories, destroyed the powder magazine”, then Prussia could not continue to fight.
Friedrich should have thought, in his despair, even to suicide, writes Vladimir Kuznetsov in his book, “The Berlin coup”. The next Morning he had made up again, and put his whole army on the Elbe in the direction of Berlin. The French would be ejected quickly, so it could have the war, a decisive turning point. You did not do it.
The Hungarian historian Árpád Markó discovered in Hadiks family archive a letter without a sender. He probably comes from an Austrian spy in Berlin. Therein, precisely those places in Berlin have been listing to their fate bangte Donnersmarck. Hadik Berlin would have been occupied for a longer period of time, he would be able to, in fact, the Prussian arms industry destroyed.
With its 3000 man, he could not think, however, that, especially since he knew that Frederick and his army marches into Violence after a Berlin rushed. About ten o’clock on the 16th. October, he stood in front of Berlin and sent a delegation to the city, to prompt you to task – and to pay a “tax of three times hundreds of thousands of dollars”. He should be given within an hour no favourable answer, he’ll attack.
was How small his force, disguised Hadik sent. The Berlin city commander Hans Friedrich II. von Rochow gave a defense of the city, therefore, to be futile. He knew, however, that Frederick would vanguard be reached the next day, the city, and played on time. Since you don’t know Hadiks seal, you might not know if his Letter is authentic, was therefore the answer, which arrived only after an hour and a half. As Hadik had his troops already in front of the schlesisches Tor March, and the command to attack is given.
It was a short, bloody battle. After the first skirmishes in front of the city wall Hadiks cannons tore a hole in the Wall that was not designed for defense, but only as a tax – and barracks for backup. The hussars and a company of Croat infantry streamed through the breach. On the Köpenicker field, a few Hundred defenders stood against them – six companies of the regiment of Long with inexperienced recruits. Hadiks hussars rode it in a matter of minutes over the bunch, he himself led the attack. 93 Prussia, died, 140 were injured – the Austrians had little to lament their losses.
Otherwise, there were in Berlin only a disability of the regiment, and other recruits, no cavalry. Rochow made the Queen, the state of the Treasury and the archive in the Spandau citadel in safety, and sent all the remaining troops there. In Berlin, panic was widespread. And Hadik, now Lord of the city, sent a second sub-dealers: In view of the situation, he would ask now of 500,000 thalers a war tax, and another 100,000 for his troops, to deter them from Plunder. But the state Treasury was no longer there – but in Spandau.
At the end of Berlin business people and bankers on shoots of 185,000 thalers in Gold and silver coins, and exhibited a change of over 75,000 thalers. Thus, Hadik, which had lost only ten men withdrew, in the early hours of the morning of the 17th century. October back. Only two hours later, the first Prussian troops in Berlin, arrived. However, Hadik was no longer there.
For his heroic action he was awarded the Grand cross of Maria-Theresia order. Frederick the Great came up with the horror of it – he turned back to the French and the Imperial army, and smote them at the 5. November, at Rossbach devastating. Almost to the day, three years later, should still invade once enemy troops for a short time in Berlin, but that is a different story.
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