Germany’s seniors are becoming more agile Because a lot of retirees feel fit and be able to use the time after Reaching the statutory retirement age. And also the labour market is increasingly benefiting. “The proportion of 65 – to 69-Year-olds, the employment has doubled in the last ten years,” says Juliane Gude, editor-in-chief of the Statistical Yearbook, which is published annually by the Federal Statistical office (Destatis).
Thus has increased the share of employed pensioners of around seven percent to about 16 percent. There are significant differences between the sexes: While in this age group, 20.2 percent of the men work, the women only 12.3 percent.
thanks to the Destatis-statisticians analysed Figures from the microcensus, you can also identify the areas in which the older Generation is a priority. Accordingly, the motor vehicle, and particularly benefits industry: 175.000 64-Year-old employees in this area, with trade, maintenance and repair.
In the second place, the health and social services. Here are about 141,000 older people. Also, the comparatively high inlet has the manufacturing sector. In the Top 10 sectors are represented, the titles of which little is known about the represented occupational groups reveals.
The “professional, scientific, and technical services” includes, for example, tax and business consultants, architects, and market researchers. Also, the veterinary, and research and development.
The majority of seniors are working part-time
Financial services include, among other things, security and safety service and travel Agency. The lowest intake among the 21 recognized business in the areas of water supply (6000), real estate activities (of 17,000), as well as Finance and insurance (of 23,000) have branches.
Also about the time the older people to Work, invest, give the Figures show. The vast majority of still-employed workers has a part-time job: 684.000 64-Year-old worked up to 19 hours per week. 20 to 29 hours worked of 130,000 people. A slightly lower number of 111,000 seniors is 30 to 39 hours. The number of hours a full-time job reached 256.000 64-Year-old.
If the seniors want to or have to work in order to secure their existence, from the Figures alone is not reading. Silke Anger, head of the Department of education, training and employment histories at the Institute for labour market and occupational research (IAB), says: “For many retirees, the money is not in the foreground.”
under her leadership, wrote a representative study has shown that money is only one of the motives of pensioners to continue working. The most frequently cited reasons for continued work in old age were fun to have contact to other people and still be a task.
willingness to undergo training increases
In this case, the potential is not exhausted yet for a long time. “Among the older workers, many with an unfulfilled Employment are the way you want,” says IAB expert. “For the labour market this is very good news. Older workers can be activated and the lack of skilled workers to mitigate.“
an increasing proportion of older people seems to really have the desire to continue to be active and even willing to acquire additional skills that could come in the labour market to the benefit of, confirmed Numbers, the evaluation of the Destatis -.
for example, the willingness to further education in the age has increased significantly, which shows, for example, to the increase in the number of over 64-Year-olds, the study. 14.900 guest students came in the winter term 2017/2018 from this age group, ten years ago, there were still 12,800 per year. Participation in adult education courses has increased.
How can this potential be exploited, not only for the labour market, but also in terms of the pension Fund is always relevant. Because the proportion of over-64-Year-olds in the total population will increase in the next few years.
fewer workers Fund the pension
So it was at the end of 2017, approximately 17.7 million people in this age group. This corresponds to 21.4 percent of the population. According to the corresponding projections of the Federal office he will be in the year 2030, 26 percent by 2060, is already almost a third.
What is the for the PAYG pension system is, the so-called old-age dependency ratio. He demonstrates, for how many pensioners, people of working age. Currently, about 36 per 100 people aged 20 to 64 years old over 64-Year-old. By 2030, it will be 48, and by 2060, 60 the number of older people.
what is Striking is the differences between the West and the East. While the ratio in the West has risen German länder, within a period of ten years only from 33 to 34, it has increased in the East from 36 to 42. Up to the year 2060 it is expected to increase, according to data from the Federal Statistical office in the East German area States to 66.5 percent.
to solve This Problem by ever-increasing legal age limits for retirement, experts point to, but critical. “Don’t forget the group that does not want to work more, to support their livelihoods, but on the additional income is dependent,” says IAB expert Anger.
Just below those is the ability to be over the legal age limit, not to be given often – perhaps because you were carrying out your life-long physically demanding activities. “The policy should establish, therefore, no General rules, but flexible.”
We Also need the Federal Association of German employers ‘ changes (BDA) wants to exploit the existing Alternatives and more on the not full-time employed persons in the working age target: “in addition to better individual support for the long-term unemployed, a nationwide full-day child care, both parents have a professional activity, targeted immigration in education and work,” says the BDA.